Observing Peripersonal Distance Regulation of Human Affect with the Embodied Distance Test
We frequently regulate our distance from objects with silent automaticity. Various areas of psychology have studied how we regulate space, though issues with measurement have obscured a grounded interpretation of many findings, as is particularly evident in the long tradition of research on personal space. The Embodied Distance Test (EDT) was developed in response to these longstanding issues in the measurement spatial behavior and experience in humans, providing a replicable and extensible method for interdisciplinary use. Through calculating difference between predetermined image presentation locations to the participant's later placement locations of the same stimuli, the procedure uses a fairly simple method for indexing spatial distortion. We demonstrate reliable distortion of images of human affect in peripersonal space, and further exploration of empirically-measured differences between explicit and implicit versions of the task which amplify theoretical concerns regarding the first-person experience of peripersonal space.
Balcetis, E., & Dunning, D. (2010). Wishful seeing: more desired objects are seen as closer. Psychological Science: A Journal of the American Psychological Society/APS, 21(1), 147.
Bamford, S., & Ward, R. (2008). Predispositions to approach and avoid are contextually sensitive and goal dependent. Emotion, 8(2), 174.
Bargh, J. A., & Chartrand, T. L. (1999). The unbearable automaticity of being. American Psychologist, 54(7), 462.
Boven, L. V., Kane, J., McGraw, A. P., & Dale, J. (2010). Feeling Close: Emotional Intensity Reduces Perceived Psychological Distance. SSRN eLibrary. Retrieved from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1531661
Coombes, S. A., Cauraugh, J. H., & Janelle, C. M. (2007). Dissociating motivational direction and affective valence: specific emotions alter central motor processes. Psychological Science: A Journal of the American Psychological Society / APS, 18(11), 938–942. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.02005.x
Fuchs, T. (2011). The Brain--A Mediating Organ. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 18(7-8), 7–8.
Fuchs, T., & Schlimme, J. E. (2009). Embodiment and psychopathology: a phenomenological perspective. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 22(6), 570.
Hall, E. T. (1966). The hidden dimension. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday.
Harber, K. D., Yeung, D., & Iacovelli, A. (2011). Psychosocial resources, threat, and the perception of distance and height: Support for the resources and perception model. Emotion, 11, 1080–1090. doi:10.1037/a0023995
Hayduk, L. A. (1983a). Personal space: Where we now stand. Psychological Bulletin, 94(2), 293–335. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.94.2.293
Hayduk, L. A. (1983b). Personal space: Where we now stand. Psychological Bulletin, 94(2), 293.
Heidegger, M. (2008). Being and time. New York: HarperPerennial/Modern Thought. Original work published 1927.
Langner, O., Dotsch, R., Bijlstra, G., Wigboldus, D. H. J., Hawk, S. T., & van Knippenberg, A. (2010). Presentation and validation of the Radboud Faces Database. Cognition & Emotion, 24, 1377–1388. doi:10.1080/02699930903485076
Lenarčič, A., & Winter, M. (2013). Affordances in Situation Theory. Ecological Psychology, 25(2), 155–181. doi:10.1080/10407413.2013.780495
Liberman, N., & Trope, Y. (2008). The Psychology of Transcending the Here and Now. Science, 322(5905), 1201 –1205. doi:10.1126/science.1161958
Merleau-Ponty, M. (2002). Phenomenology of perception (2nd ed.). London; New York: Routledge. Original published 1945.
Nagel, T. (1986). The View From Nowhere. Oxford University Press.
Neumann, R., Hulsenbeck, K., & Seibt, B. (2004). Attitudes towards people with AIDS and avoidance behavior: Automatic and reflective bases of behavior. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40(4), 543–550.
Wilkowski, B. M., & Meier, B. P. (2010). Bring it on: Angry facial expressions potentiate approach-motivated motor behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98(2), 201.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2017 The New School Psychology Bulletin
© The New School Psychology Bulletin | firstname.lastname@example.org