Predicting Harsh Parental Decisions: A Prospective Validation Study

Ralitsa S Maduro, Laurin B Roberts, Brynn E Sheehan, James F Paulson

Abstract


The high prevalence and negative consequences of hash parenting among US parents is well documented. However, established predictors of harsh parenting tend to be mostly distal, often socio-demographic factors that predict modest variance in actual parenting behavior and which tend to be resistant to intervention.  Moreover, due to the correlational nature of parenting research, the processes surrounding the onset of harsh parenting behavior are not well understood. This study aimed to both validate a newly-developed parental decision-making measure and test an experimental manipulation of a parental decision-making analog among non-parents.  Although our prediction regarding high cognitive-emotional stress and harsh parenting strategies was not supported, we provide evidence for the internal consistency and prospective criterion validity of the parental decision-making vignettes.   


References


Ateah, C. A., & Durrant, J. E. (2005). Maternal use of physical punishment in response to child misbehavior: implications for child abuse prevention. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29(2), 169-185. doi: S014521340500027X

Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., van IJzendoorn, M. H., Riem, M. M., Tops, M., & Alink, L. R. (2011). Oxytocin decreases handgrip force in reaction to infant crying in females without harsh parenting experiences. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, nsr067v2-nsr067. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsr067

Barter, C. & Renold, E. (2001). “I wanna tell you a story”: Exploring the application of vignettes in qualitative research with children and young people. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 3(4), 307-323. doi: 10.1080/13645570050178594

Baumrind, D. (1978). Parental disciplinary patterns and social competence in children. Youth and Society, 9, 238-276.

Belsky, J. (1984). The determinants of parenting: A process model. Child development, 55, 83-96. doi: 10.2307/1129836

Benjet, C., & Kazdin, A. E. (2003). Spanking children: The controversies, findings, and new directions. Clinical Psychology Review, 23(2), 197-224. doi: S0272735802002064

Chang, L., Schwartz, D., Dodge, K. A., & McBride-Chang, C. (2003). Harsh parenting in relation to child emotion regulation and aggression. Journal of Family Psychology, 17(4), 598-606. doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.17.4.598

Conger, R. D., Belsky, J., & Capaldi, D. M. (2009). The intergenerational transmission of parenting: Closing comments for the special section. Developmental Psychology, 45(5), 1276 -1283. doi: 10.1037/a0016911

Coplan, R. J., Reichel, M., & Rowan, K. (2009). Exploring the associations between maternal personality, child temperament, and parenting: A focus on emotions. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(2), 241-246. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.10.011

Dix, T. (1993). Attributing dispositions to children: An interactional analysis of attribution in socialization. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 19(5), 633-643. doi: 10.1177/0146167293195014

Gardner, F., Ward, S., Burton, J., & Wilson, C. (2003). The role of mother–child joint play in the early development of children's conduct problems: A longitudinal observational study. Social Development, 12(3), 361-378. doi: 10.1111/1467-9507.00238

Goubert, L., Vervoort, T., De Ruddere, L., & Crombex, G. (2012). The impact of parental gender, catastrophizing and situational threat upon parental behaviour to child pain: A vignette study. European Journal of Pain, 16, 1176-1184.doi: 10.1002/j.1532-2149.2012.00116.x

Hughes, R., & Huby, M. (2004). The construction and interpretation of vignettes in social research. Social Work & Social Sciences Review, 11(1), 36-51. doi: 10.1921/17466105.11.1.36

Jocson, R. M., Alampay, L. P., & Lansford, J. E. (2012). Predicting Filipino mothers’ and fathers’ reported use of corporal punishment from education, authoritarian attitudes, and endorsement of corporal punishment. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 36(2), 1-18. doi: 10.1177/0165025411428249

Jones, S. (1992). Crying baby, sleepless nights. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp 5.

Jones, J. D., Brett, B. E., Ehrlich, K. B., Lejuez, C. W., & Cassidy, J. (2014). Maternal Attachment Style and Responses to Adolescents’ Negative Emotions: The Mediating Role of Maternal Emotion Regulation. Parenting, 14(3-4), 235-257. doi: 10.1080/15295192.2014.972760

Kim, H. K., Pears, K. C., Fisher, P. A., Connelly, C. D., & Landsverk, J. A. (2010). Trajectories of maternal harsh parenting in the first 3 years of life. Child Abuse & Neglect, 34(12), 897-906. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2010.06.002

Lansford, J. E., Criss, M. M., Dodge, K. A., Shaw, D. S., Pettit, G. S., & Bates, J. E. (2009). Trajectories of Physical Discipline: Early Childhood Antecedents and Developmental Outcomes. Child Development, 80(5), 1385-1402. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01340.x

Lee, H. K. (1995). Maternal Role Attainment at Eight Months following Birth. The Journal of Nurses Academic Society, 25(2), 244-258.

Lerner, J. S., & Keltner, D. (2000). Beyond valence: Toward a model of emotion-specific influences on judgement and choice. Cognition & Emotion, 14(4), 473-493. doi: 10.1080/026999300402763

Lerner, J. S., & Keltner, D. (2001). Fear, anger, and risk. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81(1), 146. doi: 10.1037/e539402004-001

Mohan, D., Fischhoff, B., Farris, C., Switzer, G. E., Rosengart, M. R., Yealy, D. M.,… & Barnato, A. E. (2014). Validating a vignette-based instrument to study physician decision making in trauma triage. Medical Decision Making, 34(2), 242-252. doi: 10.1177/0272989x13508007

Out, D., Pieper, S., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., Zeskind, P. S., & van IJzendoorn, M. H. (2010). Intended sensitive and harsh caregiving responses to infant crying: the role of cry pitch and perceived urgency in an adult twin sample. Child abuse & neglect, 34(11), 863-873. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2010.05.003

Peabody, J. W., Luck, J., Glassman, P., Jain, S., Hansen, J., Spell, M., & Lee, M. (2004). Measuring the quality of physician practice by using clinical vignettes: A prospective validation study. Annals of Internal Medicine, 141, 771-780. Doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-141-10-200411160-00008

Rubin, K. H., Stewart, S. L., & Chen, X. (1995). Parents of aggressive and withdrawn children. Handbook of parenting: Vol. 1. Children and parenting, Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, pp. 225-284.

Shaefer, E. S., & Edgerton, M. (1985). Parent and child correlates of parental modernity. In Sigel, I. E. (Ed.), Parental belief systems (pp. 287-318). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Simons, R. L., Whitbeck, L. B., Conger, R. D., & Wu, C. I. (1991). Intergenerational transmission of harsh parenting. Developmental Psychology, 27(1), 159 - 171. Doi: 10.1037//0012-1649.27.1.159

Socolar, R. R., & Stein, R. E. (1995). Spanking infants and toddlers: maternal belief and practice. Pediatrics, 95(1), 105-111. doi: 10.1542/peds.113.5.1321

Vitaro, F., Barker, E. D., Boivin, M., Brendgen, M., & Tremblay, R. E. (2006). Do early difficult temperament and harsh parenting differentially predict reactive and proactive aggression? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 34(5), 681-691. doi: 10.1007/s10802-006-9055-6

Zajonc, R. B. (1998). Emotions. In Gilbert, D. T., Fiske, S. T., & Lindzey, G. (Eds), (1998). The handbook of social psychology, Vols. 1 and 2 (4th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 The New School Psychology Bulletin

© The New School Psychology Bulletin | editors@nspb.net