Assessing Drinking and Driving Attitudes and Behavior: Factor Structure of the Drinking and Driving Scale

  • Amanda Kraha University of Houston – Clear Lake


Drinking and driving is a common problem in the United States, with approximately 11.3% of Americans reporting engaging in the behavior at least once in their lifetime. However, no paper self-report measure of attitudes toward and likelihood of engaging in drinking and driving appear to exist. The current study builds upon a telephone questionnaire from Snortum & Berger (1989). Results from an Exploratory Factor Analysis on Subsample 1 of the data suggest the presence of 4 factors that explain roughly 56% of total variance. Further, a Confirmatory Factor Analysis on Subsample 2 of the data confirms this factor structure.


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